Упражнение №52 - Раздел 6 по Английскому языку 7 класса - Афанасьева О.В.

Материал из Викирешебника

Данное упражнение относится к шестому разделу учебника (Unit 6 The Pleasure of Reading) по английскому языку для школьников 7 класса. В этом задании необходимо прочитать, перевести текст. Правки, дополнительные вопросы по упражнению и теме можно оставлять на странице обсуждения.

Описание и ответ задания[править | править код]

A. Develop each item of this outline.

1. Matilda as a child prodigy.
2. Matilda's parents and what they thought about Matilda's abilities.
3. Matilda finds her way to the public library.
4. Mrs Phelps helps Matilda with books.
5. Matilda begins reading at home.

1. Matilda as a child prodigy.

Matilda was an extraordinary child. By the age of one and a half, she had a perfect speech, and knew as many words as most grown-ups. She had taught herself to read newspapers and magazines by the time she was three, and had even memorized her mother's cookbook by the time she was four. Her parents, however, were unimpressed and discouraged her from using her intelligence.

2. Matilda's parents and what they thought about Matilda's abilities.

Matilda's parents were dismissive of her intelligence and thought her to be a noisy chatterbox. They believed that small girls should be seen and not heard, and refused to buy her a book when she asked them. This was despite the fact that the only book in their household was a cookbook belonging to her mother.

3. Matilda finds her way to the public library.

Determined to find something more interesting to read, Matilda decided to walk to the public library in the village all by herself. When she arrived, the librarian, Mrs Phelps, was taken aback but welcomed her in. Matilda asked for children's books and quickly devoured them. When she had read all of them, she asked Mrs Phelps for a book that grown-ups read.

4. Mrs Phelps helps Matilda with books.

Mrs Phelps was amazed at Matilda's voracious appetite for reading and her ability to comprehend books that were meant for grown-ups. She helped Matilda find a book, starting with Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. Over the next few months, Matilda read a number of other books, including Nicholas Nickleby, Oliver Twist, Jane Eyre, Pride and Prejudice, Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Kim, The Invisible Man, The Old Man and the Sea, The Good Companions, Brighton Rock, and Animal Farm.

5. Matilda begins reading at home.

Mrs Phelps also informed Matilda that public libraries allowed her to borrow books and take them home. Matilda began reading her books in her own bedroom, and was soon transported to new worlds and introduced to wonderful people with exciting lives. She would visit the library once a week to take out new books and return the old ones.

B. Speak about the events described in the text on the part of: a) Matilda, b) Mrs Phelps, c) Matilda's father.

A) Matilda went to the library all by herself when she was 4 years old. She introduced herself to the librarian, Mrs Phelps, and asked if she could sit and read a book. After having read all the children's books in the library, she asked Mrs Phelps to help her find a more challenging book. Mrs Phelps chose Great Expectations by Charles Dickens for her. Over the next few afternoons, Matilda sat reading in the big arm- chair at the far end of the room with the book on her lap. After having finished Great Expectations, she read a great number of other famous books. She also learned that she could borrow books from the library and take them home, and started to do it. Matilda would visit the library once a week to take out new books and return the old ones, and then she would sit in her bedroom reading in the empty house in the afternoon. The books transported her into new worlds and introduced her to wonderful people who lived exciting lives.

B) Mrs Phelps was taken aback when she saw that such a tiny girl had arrived at the library without a parent. She told Matilda she was very welcome and showed her where the children's books were. When Matilda said she had read all the children's books, Mrs Phelps asked if she could help her find something else. She chose Great Expectations by Charles Dickens and watched Matilda with fascination as she read it. After Matilda had read all the famous books in the library, Mrs Phelps told her she could borrow books and take them home. She helped Matilda choose books and made a note of them when Matilda took them.

C) Matilda's father was not impressed when she asked him to buy her a book. He thought she was getting spoiled and told her she should watch television instead. He did not approve of Matilda going to the library alone, but she did it anyway. He was probably not aware of the fact that Matilda was reading famous books and learning a lot from them.

C. Make up and act out these talks: a) Mrs Phelps and Matilda, b) Matilda's parents.


Mrs Phelps: "Good afternoon, Matilda. It's lovely to see you here in the library again. What book would you like to read today?"

Matilda: "I think I'd like to try something a bit more challenging. Do you have any suggestions?"

Mrs Phelps: "Well, let me think. How about this classic novel by Charles Dickens? It's one of his most famous works."

Matilda: "That sounds perfect! I'd love to give it a try!"


Matilda's Father: "Matilda, why don't you turn off the TV and go outside to play like a normal child?"

Matilda: "But I don't want to play outside, I want to read a book."

Matilda's Father: "What are you talking about? We don't have any books in this house. You can watch TV like everyone else."

Matilda: "Please, Daddy, can you buy me a book? I would really like to read one."

Matilda's Father: "No, Matilda. Books are a waste of money. Now go outside and play with the other children."

  • Discussing the Topic: People often speak about the books they are reading or have read. Here are the most popular types of books:
  • a novel
  • a historical novel
  • a war novel
  • an adventure novel
  • a romance
  • a fairy tale
  • a science fiction book
  • a biography
  • an autobiography
  • a classic
  • a detective story
  • a love story
  • an adventure story
  • a folktale
  • a (short) story
  • a humorous story
  • a horror story
  • a travel book

Speaking about people who wrote books you may need these words and word combinations:

  • an author
  • a short story writer
  • a writer
  • a dramatist
  • a novelist
  • a poet/a poetess
  • a humorist
  • a children's writer
  • a book by Chekhov
  • a book/play after Chekhov

You can characterize an author as:

  • good
  • interesting
  • great
  • famous
  • well-known
  • talented
  • medieval
  • eighteenth-century
  • ancient
  • modern
  • classical

Good books can be: Bad books can be:

  • boring
  • badly-written
  • slow-moving
  • unoriginal
  • heavy-going
  • depressing
  • shallow
  • interesting
  • enjoyable
  • entertaining
  • original
  • amusing
  • funny
  • witty
  • exciting
  • fascinating
  • moving
  • powerful
  • true-to-life
  • well-written
  • easy to read

A novel or a story has a plot (what happens in the book) and characters - main characters and secondary characters. Good characters can be also called heroes.
Speaking about books we often want to characterize them. This is how you can do it.

If you want to speak about a book as an edition, you may need these:

  • (a) hardback (hardcover)
  • (a) paperback
  • a cheap (expensive) edition
  • a rare edition
  • a pocket edition
  • an abridged (adapted) edition
  • an unabridged (not adapted) edition
  • a book with an interesting design and coloured illustrations
  • a colourful book
  • a collection of plays (stories/poems) * a book in the original
  • a book in translation
  • a book in one (two) volumes, etc.

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